Dawoud: “We are a nation which relies on the importation of meat, chicken and vegetables. The quality and suitability for consumption of this produce must be taken account of”
Member of the Permanent Committee for Shari’ah and Legal Affairs (from Oct 2015)
Member of Joint Parliamentary Committee for Reviewing Subsidy Reform (July 2015)
Member of the Rotten Meat Investigation Committee (established Feb 2015)
Chairman of Permanent Committee for Public Utilities and Environment (Nov 2014 – Oct 2015)
On any given week, Dawoud can be heard speaking on a remarkably broad range of issues which concern him; ranging from fishing, security and municipal services to food standards, youth activities and foreign workers. He is a conscientious MP with a clear sense of the responsibility on his shoulders as a representative of local people.
After a year serving as Chairman of the Public Utilities Committee, Dawoud stood down in October 2015 and relocated to the Legal Committee.
However, his conservative instincts are also clear for several of the issues he raises. During summer 2015 Dawoud was prominent across the media calling for foreign transvestite workers to be deported from Bahrain, because of the harm such practices could do to the Bahraini culture. Dawoud has been one of the more outspoken figures calling for implementation of the death penalty in those found guilty of acts of terrorism.
Dawoud won his seat outright with 62% of the vote in 2014. Dawoud had emerged as a confident parliamentary speaker and an active committee member. He is one of the more effective MPs at public engagement, holding majils sessions with constituents and meeting delegations from local trade, in particular fishing.
Dawoud has proved to be a consistent advocate for the fishing industry, regularly meeting those involved with fisheries and taking a keen interest in the preservation of fish stocks and protecting local fishermen.
Throughout 2015, Dawoud’s role in the committee investigating imports of meat unfit for consumption has been a platform for his concerns about enforcing food standards. This has given rise to a number of proposals and initiatives, including regulation of street vendors, raising public awareness about the risks of fast food, subsidizing meat products for Bahrainis and setting up a central authority for monitoring food standards.
Throughout the first half of 2015, Dawoud continued to advocate his proposal for a motoring track for young people to develop their driving skills in a safe environment, avoiding dangerous stunts being performed on roads and allowing young people to channel their energies.
ACTIVITY DURING 2015-2016 PARLIAMENT SEASON
Housing, services & infrastructure
Housing: During a parliamentary debate on 13 Oct in which the Housing Minister was present, Dawoud called on the minister to do more to get to grips with long-standing housing applications.
Sewerage: Dawoud on 8 Aug, in his capacity as head of the Public Utilities Committee, discussed parliamentary progress on new regulations for sewers and drainage.
Vehicles: Dawoud on 11 Aug called on the Municipalities Ministry to open the locality for selling used cars in Salmabad.
Standards of living, health & education
Food prices: Dawoud on 22 Aug called for greater oversight of food prices, especially basic and essential foodstuffs.
Food standards: Dawoud on 18 July voiced his support for the creation of a food standards authority, saying that currently various departments were passing the buck over responsibilities for food standards. He added: “We are a nation which relies on the importation of meat, chicken and vegetables. The quality and suitability for consumption of this produce must be taken account of”.
Dawoud on 9 Oct said that the Bahrain Livestock Company had tried to “mislead” the work of the Meat Committee and that the Committee possessed documents demonstrating violations by the company. He accused the Ministries of Commerce and Municipalities of not performing their duties of “protecting citizens from the greed and trickery of tradesmen”.
Consumption: On 20 July Dawoud called on the Trade Ministry to spearhead a campaign to raise awareness about levels of consumption, given the pressure on living standards in the current economic climate.
Retirement: Dawoud on 12 Oct denied that the Social Insurance Authority was planning to raise the retirement age to 65, following contacts with officials from the Authority.
Benefit payments: During their weekly meeting on 20 October MPs voted in favour of measures to enshrine counter-inflation payments into law and more clearly define who is entitled to them. Dawoud noted that the constitution affirmed the obligation to provide support for needy segments of society and therefore these benefits must be guaranteed in law.
Economy & employment
Foreign workers: Dawoud called for the deportation of foreign workers who practiced cross-dressing, particularly male workers who “presented themselves as women”. He said that such practices contradicted Bahraini traditions and Islamic law.
Maritime: Dawoud on 10 July submitted a proposal obliging the Works Ministry to improve the administration of maritime issues, to improve oversight and protect Bahrainis in maritime industries.
Fishing: Dawoud on 17 Oct was among the MPs warning of the consequences of unregulated fishing in Bahraini waters. He was a co-sponsor of proposed new measures for controlling fishing.
Employment: Dawoud on 16 Aug met the Minister of Labour. They reportedly discussed improving training opportunities in the Northern Governorate.
Good governance & public finance
Subsidies: Dawoud on 10 Aug cited his expectation that the Subsidy Committee would complete its work in the coming week, stressing the significant progress made in reaching agreement with the Govt.
Dawoud on 3 Sep said that the respective subsidies committees were still discussing core issues, so it was impossible at this stage to present a final vision of subsidy reform. He said that the necessary data on many issues still hadn’t been made available, which meant that definitive judgments couldn’t yet be made.
Dawoud on 6 Oct told Al-Bilad newspaper that the Govt’s “unilateral” measures on subsidies would harm citizens. He said that such a process should be accompanied by a public awareness campaign which would change attitudes towards consumption.
Dawoud on 21 Oct noted that four ministers had been summoned to discuss the subsidies issue during the coming week’s parliamentary debate.
Policing & regional security
Terrorism: Dawoud on 28 July condemned the killing of two policemen in Sitra. He said that killers should face the death penalty. Dawoud on 29 Aug strongly condemned the Al-Karranah bombing which killed one policeman. He called for an “iron fist” to be used against the terrorists.
Dawoud on 31 July called for a national awareness campaign for warning citizens of the dangers of supporting or condoning acts of terrorism. He said that there was public support for stiffer measures against terrorists, including the death penalty.
Police: Dawoud on 19 July proposed the establishment of a “Police Museum” to raise awareness of the role of the security forces through history.
Iran: Dawoud on 23 July condemned statements by the Iranian leadership concerning Bahrain, which he described as interference in Bahrain’s internal affairs. In a 27 July statement, Dawoud called for a media campaign against “Iranian interference”. He emphasized Bahrain’s solidarity with its security forces in seeing off any threats. Dawoud on 17 Sep called for greater awareness and security efforts to counter the threat from Iran.
Security: Dawoud on 4 Aug called for greater oversight of published materials and for the provision of aircraft to the coastguard as measures to address national security.
Book imports: Dawoud on 9 Sep called for monitoring of books imported from Syria and Lebanon, “to prevent the entry of publications promoting Iran’s hostile positions”. He notes Iran’s influence on various Lebanese publishing houses.
Saudi Arabia: MPs Jamal Dawoud, Abdulhalim Murad, Nabil al-Balooshi and Anas Buhindi were part of a delegation which visited the Saudi ambassador on 6 October and stressed “complete support and solidarity” for Saudi Arabia.
Youth, culture & sport
Culture: Dawoud on 10 Aug chaired a cultural society meeting and praised Bahrain’s international standing for talented and creative individuals.
Parliament role & constituent engagement
Public Utilities Committee: According to Al-Watan newspaper on 6 Oct, Dawoud is standing for continuing his chairmanship of this Committee in the coming parliamentary term, although reportedly Ahmed Qaratah and Adel al-Asoumi are also competing for the job. However, Dawoud acknowledged his readiness to stand down if this served the greater good.
Committees: According to Al-Watan newspaper on 8 Oct Ahmed Qaratah is the most likely candidate for the chairmanship of the Public Utilities Committee. Qaratah is said to be a member of the National Bloc which is lobbying for him to take this position, on the basis that the current incumbent Jamal Dawoud may be standing down. However, Adel al-Asoumi is also competing for the role.
During the 14 Oct election on membership of the parliamentary committees, Dawoud stood down from the Public Utilities Committee and moved to the Legal Committee.
ACTIVITY DURING 2014-2015 PARLIAMENT SEASON
Housing, services & infrastructure
Housing: Dawoud on 8 February said that his Committee had discussed the proposal for a 100 dinar allowance for those requiring housing assistance, with retroactive effect.
On 2 March Dawoud said that his Committee had met with infrastructure officials to discuss delayed projects. The Committee also discussed proposals from the Housing Ministry for housing support payments. The Committee approved the proposals which are to be put for a parliamentary vote.
Public Utilities Committee: On 15 February Jamal Dawoud chaired his committee’s meeting to discuss projects for drinking water provision.
Dawoud said that his Committee on 29 April discussed the bill proposing excusing youth centres from utility costs, taking into account the views of various concerned parties. On 14 May Dawoud’s Committee discussed draft measures for street cleanliness.
Dawoud on 20 May said that his Committee had discussed proposals for setting up a public authority for food regulation; measures for ensuring that housing loans were in line with Islamic principles; and Mohammed al-Ammadi’s proposal for a sea taxi.
Dawoud’s Committee on 27 May agreed to recommend a proposal for a housing project for widows in Qalali; and discussed a proposal for giving greater powers to municipal councils.
In a 7 July press conference to mark the end of the parliamentary year, Dawoud discussed the achievements of the Utilities Committee over the past year, noting the large number of parliamentary proposals the Committee had studied (around 40) as well as significant numbers of legal statutes and draft bills. He noted that new measures would impose an additional dinar on each housing to help cover utility services costs.
Reef Island: Dawoud on 30 March said that his Public Utilities Committee had discussed complaints from occupants of Reef Island regarding services and their residency rights.
Land reclamation: Dawoud has proposed amendments for the planning regulations regarding construction projects on reclaimed land. (31 March)
Coastline: Dawoud on 19 May warned that Bahrain didn’t have coastlines in the proper sense of the word. He warned that Jazair beach could also be degraded.
Standards of living, health & education
Rotten meat: Dawoud said on 2 March that the Rotten Meat Committee had discussed evidence from the Financial Audit Bureau indicating “negligence” in the import of meat. On 23 March Dawoud said the Committee had met with officials to discuss delegation of responsibility for meat imports. Dawoud said that the “Rotten Meat” Committee on 13 April met with representatives from companies involved in meat imports, to discuss import procedures.
Dawoud on 26 April noted the continuing increases in imported meat to Bahrain. He discussed continuing meetings between the “Rotten Meat” Committee and companies involved in meat imports.
Dawoud on 4 May said that the “Rotten Meat” Committee had studied a number of responses from the Government which “raised a number of questions about the reality of importation”.
Dawoud on 16 May noted the non-availability of medical inspections for those working in the meat import industry. He cited a number of other shortcomings and issues raised from a number of fact-finding missions by the Committee to meat import facilities.
Dawoud on 17 May noted that continuing efforts would be required to guarantee the safety of imported meat. He said that the Committee still had a number of planned visits.
Dawoud on 17 June noted the necessity of greater regulation of the sales and import of meat to ensure high standards and consumer safety.
Meat subsidies: Dawoud on 23 March proposed the use of social security cards for allowing only Bahrainis to receive subsidized meat.
Regarding the Govt’s plan to halt meat subsidies and replace them with cash payments to Bahraini citizens; Dawoud on 20 May said that the decision “ignored the legislative branch”. He said that a parliamentary committee should be formed to investigate the issue.
Dawoud on 21 May criticized the low levels of payments which families are reportedly to receive following the removal of meat subsidies. He called for a re-evaluation of these payments.
During the 26 May parliamentary discussion, a majority of MPs spoke out against the Govt’s plan for halting meat subsidies. Dawoud criticized the timing of the proposals at a moment when Parliament was focused on the Budget.
Food security: Dawoud on 9 April said that his Public Utilities Committee had discussed setting up a Public Authority for Food Safety.
Fast food: Dawoud during the 21 April parliamentary session warned the Health Minister of the medical costs of not taking a tough position regarding fast food. He called for greater public awareness efforts.
Street vendors: During the 3 March debate on modifications to the public health law, Dawoud said that the Ministry of Health should be responsible for food sold on the street and that this should be properly scrutinized.
Social Security investment proposal: Dawoud submitted a parliamentary motion proposing the establishment of an investment facility within the Social Security Institution, with profits from the investment to go to needy segments of society. (12 March)
Widows: During the 17 March parliamentary session Dawoud had a sharp exchange with the Parliament Minister, accusing him of not properly reading the proposal for helping pay electricity bills for families with widows.
Education: During the 24 March open parliamentary debate on Bahraini teachers Dawoud praised the Education Ministry’s record, saying that the 10% of non-Bahraini teachers was a tiny proportion.
Economy & employment
Pearl monitoring: During a stormy 10 March parliamentary debate over a bill for privatizing monitoring the quality of pearls and precious stones, Dawoud lamented the loss of various industries to foreign hands and stressed that the Government should place a premium on skilled Bahrainis.
Fishing: Dawoud on 13 March said that his Services Committee had agreed on a parliamentary conference for fishermen later in the month. Dawoud on 2o March told the media that the event would be on 26 March and would be chaired by the Parliament Chairman.
On 9 April Dawoud stressed the commitment of MPs to support Bahrain’s fishing industry in a meeting with local fishermen. Dawoud has been looking into ways of speeding up laws to regularize the fishing industry; address issues facing fishermen; and protect fish stocks. He was meeting members of the Professional Fishermen Society. (26 April)
Dawoud on 4 May met a number of representatives from the Qalali fishing community. They discussed methods of reorganizing the fishing industry.
Dawoud on 18 May looked forward to the planned open parliamentary debate on fishing. He noted that his Committee had held a series of meetings with fishing community representatives to discuss the current challenges and measures which could be taken towards a law regulating the industry.
During the 19 May parliamentary debate on the fishing industry, Dawoud said that there was a lack of qualified officials for regulating the industry and criticized various harmful fishing methods which hadn’t been outlawed.
Dawoud on 30 May stressed the importance of Bahrain’s marine wealth and the urgent need for legislation to protect Bahrain’s fishing industry. He was speaking at an event held by the Union of Professional Fishermen.
Dawoud said that on 1 July MPs approved a series of proposals for improving the situation of local fishermen and regulating the fishing industry. The proposals are to be submitted to the Govt.
Foreign workers: During the 3 March parliamentary debate on the so-called “free visa” system”, Dawoud noted how many foreign workers had begun selling goods in the streets. He thanked the Interior Ministry for addressing many such instances, but said that there was a “legal vacuum” on this issue.
Dawoud on 29 June submitted a proposal for departing foreign workers who “resembled women” in order to protect the society from “perversions of behaviour and declining morals”
Employment: Dawoud demanded from the Labour Ministry on 25 April a comprehensive strategy for recruiting Bahrainis and allowing young Bahrainis to have better prospects for employment.
Dawoud demanded that the truth be revealed about the number of foreigners working in the private sector in statements on 29 March. He said that it was illogical that 500,000 foreigners were employed in the private sector, while Bahrainis were only around 180,000.
During the 19 May parliamentary session a proposed bill for making the public sector fully Bahraini within five years had to be withdrawn for further discussion after many objections from MPs. Dawoud pointed out that there were roles which no Bahrainis were qualified for and that there would always be a need for some foreign specialists.
Dawoud in Parliament on 16June called for a programme of reintegration for youths who had lost their jobs because of inappropriate behaviour, noting that many of them were responsible for supporting families.
Investment: On 4 April Dawoud submitted a proposal for obliging investments companies established by the Social Security Authority to publish annual statements of activity, for the sake of “transparency”. On 10 April Dawoud tabled a formal question to the Finance Ministry about the number and nature of the companies set up by the Social Security Authority.
Transport: Dawoud on 29 April proposed a private bill for address in queues of lorries on the Saudi Causeway.
Advertising: Dawoud on 4 June criticized the lack of free competition existing in the advertising industry, citing the huge increase in prices for advertising billboards.
Gold: Dawoud on 14 June proposed establishing a centre for Bahraini gold.
Trade centre: Dawoud on 28 June proposed establishing a new Trade Centre for Hamad Town.
Good governance & public finance
Action Plan: Dawoud on 13 January requested that the Government Action Plan include “realistic visions for accomplishing the aspirations of citizens”.
Budget: Dawoud said that a future strategy had to be put in place for reducing State Budget dependence on oil revenues. (16 February)
During the 2 July special parliamentary session in which a small majority of MPs voted to approve the State Budget, Dawoud abstained. Dawoud stated that the Budget hadn’t achieved the demands of citizens, particularly the financial needs of the elderly.
Bonuses: During the 3 March parliamentary session, Dawoud stridently criticized the Finance Minister over the payment of over 3.4m BD bonuses to Pension Fund Authority employees. Dawoud said that this was a “waste” at a time when the department was reporting a budget shortfall. The Minister responded that these payments were the “right” and could not be halted.
Minister interrogation: Dawoud was one of the 26 MPs who signed a motion calling for the Health Minister’s interrogation over issues related to the Financial Audit Bureau Report. However, he abstained during the 5 May vote. During the 5 May parliamentary session an insufficient number of MPs voted in support of interrogating the Health Minister (23 supported, below the 2/3 quota of 27 MPs).
Dawoud on 7 May said that he had abstained from the interrogation vote because the “topics hadn’t been properly considered and didn’t amount to grounds for interrogation so as to have a significant effects and achieve the aspirations of society”.
Municipal councils: Dawoud on 10 May said that his Committee had discussed proposals for increasing the powers of municipal councils.
Debt ceiling: According to Al-Watan on 14 May Dawoud was one of the 3 MPs told the newspaper that they had not yet made up their minds about how to vote regarding a possible raise of the debt ceiling to 7bn BD. During the 2 July parliamentary session when a majority of 18 MPs approved an increase in the debt ceiling to BD 7bn, Dawoud abstained.
Subsidies: Dawoud on 14 June warned of the potential harm of removing subsidies for expat residents. He suggested that the issue needed careful consideration, given the already high costs of living.
Policing & regional security
Iran: During the 24 March parliamentary debate 21 MPs supported issuing a statement condemning Iranian interference in Bahrain. Dawoud said that Iran’s aim was to “destroy all the Arab lands and take control of them”.
Yemen crisis: During the 31 March parliamentary debate Dawoud expressed his “full support” for MP Abdulrahman Bu-Ali’s comments regarding the Coalition’s intervention in Yemen. Dawoud noted the widespread support he had received from constituents for military action.
Sudan: Jamal Dawoud, Anas Buhindi and Muhsin al-Bakri on 30 May departed Bahrain as part of a delegation to inspect agricultural land purchased by Bahrain in Sudan.
Maritime security: Dawoud on 22 May demanded more rapid efforts from the Ministry of Works in upgrading capacities for monitoring sea traffic and prevent the illegal export of fish.
Security: Dawoud on 19 June stressed the importance of support for the Interior Ministry’s efforts to preserve national security.
National unity: Dawoud called for a strategy for raising awareness, increasing social solidarity and moral guidance.
Rights, freedoms & religion
Women’s rights: Dawoud was one of a clique of MPs who advocated an allowance for women who refrained from working. Their controversial and much-criticized proposal asserted that they should “encourage women to remain in the home”.
Divorce: During a parliamentary discussion about levels of divorce in Bahrain on 16 June Dawoud called for awareness campaign and greater efforts to protect families.
Quran: During the 17 March parliamentary debate about the proposal for setting up an inquiry committee over the reading of Quranic verses during a talent contest, Dawoud questioned the conflicting information which circulated about the measures taken by the Education Ministry.
Youth, culture & sport
Youth: Dawoud proposed a track for young people to develop their driving skills (12 February). Dawoud on 11 May called for the implementation of his proposal for a motoring arena, which would allow young people to perform car stunts in a safe environment. He said: “Many youngsters perform these stunts on public roads and in residential areas, posing a threat to the public and to themselves.” The proposal was reportedly rejected by the Government.
Youth employment: On 17 March Dawoud submitted a proposal for a Government initiative for projects to prepare youths who had recently lost their jobs, for a return to the jobs market, particularly those who had lost jobs due to “inappropriate behaviour and actions”.
Sport: During a 7 April open parliamentary debate about sport in Bahrain Dawoud noted that many young Bahrainis who specialized in sports failed to find jobs.
Parliament role & constituent engagement
King’s speech response: Dawoud stressed that “putting right the security situation is a national obligation for reviving the economy”. (17 February)
Public engagement: Dawoud on 13 April discussed the importance of a programme of parliamentarians’ meetings with segments of the Bahraini population for widening public engagement.
Dawoud participated in a Hamid Town meeting with local constituents on 8 June along with MPs Jalal al-Mahfoudh and Anas Buhindi. The meeting covered a broad range of issues, although subsidies was a major area of concern, with Dawoud criticizing the Govt for taking measures unilaterally.
- Standards of living, health & education – 8
- Housing & services – 6
- Policing & regional security – 6
- Good governance & public finance – 5
- Economy & employment – 8
- Supporting constituents & youth – 6
- Rights & freedoms – 4
- Constructive Parliament role – 7
- Public visibility – 7
- Progressive/reformist credentials – 4
Results of 2014 elections – 11th Northern
Areas covered: Hamad Town, Dar Kulayb
Housing blocks: 1216, 1215, 1213, 1211, 1046
Registered voters: 12,341; Percentage 1st round voter turnout: 43.7%
Contest decided by outright win in the first round of voting.
First round vote:
Jamal Dawoud – 3097 (61.67%)
Mohammed Buqais (MP) – 582 (11.6%); Jaffar al-Hamiri – 493 (9.8%); Ali al-Fadhli – 435 (8.7%); Thamir al-Qaran – 415 (8.3%)
Profile of election campaign: Jamal Dawoud Salman Ahmed
November 2014 was Jamal Daoud’s breakthrough moment; having performed strongly but failed to win in both the 2006 and 2010 elections. With 62% of the first round vote allowing Jamal to win outright, this was the third highest score across all of Bahrain.
During his campaign Dawoud told Al-Watan: “It was a particular segment of Bahraini society that made it into the previous Parliament. Society must alter its thinking in order to bring in new faces to bring about change”.
Jamal denied media reports that he had received support from the Salafist Al-Asalah in the previous round of elections. However, he refused to speculate about whether he would work with any specific political grouping if he won the seat. Dawoud came second in 2006 with 2,841 votes and gained 2,283 votes in 2010, but was comfortably beaten by Mohammed al-Ammadi.
It was always obvious that Jamal was a front-runner, but it wasn’t obvious how convincingly he would beat MP Mohammed Buqais in the first round. Buqais’s failure may be a symptom of public frustration with the performance of the previous Parliament or perhaps Buqais personally alienated many local people.
The Hamad Town constituencies have relatively high numbers of registered voters and 11thNorthern is demographically the second largest constituency in Bahrain in terms of registered voters.
The inclusion of the Shia-majority Dar Kulayb locality could have allowed the opposition to have commanded this area if they had chosen to contest. The 44% first round turnout reflects this mixed population – between those advocating for a boycott and those determined to come out and vote.
Know your deputy: Profiles of other Bahrain MPs
Adel al-Asoumi – 1st Capital
Ahmed Qaratah – 2nd Capital
Adel Bin-Hamid Abdulhussain – 3rd Capital
Deputy-Head of Parliamentary Human Rights Committee
Abdulrahman Bumjaid – 4th Capital
Nasser al-Qaseer – 5th Capital
Deputy Head of the Permanent Committee for Financial and Economic Matters
Ali al-Atish – 6th Capital
Osamah al-Khajah – 7th Capital
Shaikh Majid al-Asfour – 8th Capital
Mohammed Jaffar Milad – 9th Capital
Nabil al-Balooshi – 10th Capital
Ali Bufarsan – 1st Muharraq
Head of Committee for Youth and Sports
Ibrahim al-Hammadi – 2nd Muharraq
Jamal Buhassan – 3rd Muharraq
Isa al-Kooheji – 4th Muharraq
Head of the Permanent Committee for Financial and Economic Matters
Mohammed al-Jowder – 5th Muharraq
Abbas al-Madhi – 6th Muharraq
Ali al-Muqla – 7th Muharraq
Abdulrahman Bu-Ali – 8th Muharraq
Fatimah al-Asfour – 1st Northern
Deputy Head of the Committee for Women and Children
Jalal Kadhim al-Mahfoudh – 2nd Northern
Deputy Head of Committee for Youth and Sports
Hamad al-Dossary – 3rd Northern
Ghazi Al Rahmah – 4th Northern
Deputy Head of Permanent Committee for Public Utilities and Environment
Ali al-Aradi – 5th Northern
Deputy Head of Parliament
Rua al-Haiki – 6th Northern
Shaikh Majid al-Majid – 7th Northern
Head of the Permanent Committee for Shari’ah and Legal Matters
Dr. Isa Turki – 8th Northern
Abdulhamid Abdulhussain al-Najjar – 9th Northern
Deputy Head of Committee for Supporting the Palestinian People
Mohammed al-Ammadi – 10th Northern
Head of Committee for Supporting the Palestinian People
Jamal Dawoud – 11th Northern
Head of Permanent Committee for Public Utilities and Environment
Jamila al-Sammak – 12th Northern
Head of the Committee for Women and Children
Khalid al-Shaer – 1st Southern
Head of Parliamentary Human Rights Committee
Mohammed al-Ahmed – 2nd Southern
Abdulhalim Murad – 3rd Southern
Second Deputy Head of Parliament
Mohammed al-Maarifi – 4th Southern
Deputy Head of the Permanent Committee for Services
Khalifa al-Ghanim – 5th Southern
Anas Buhindi – 6th Southern
Deputy Head of the Permanent Committee for Shari’ah and Legal Matters
Abdullah Bin-Huwail – 7th Southern
Head of the Permanent Committee for Foreign, Defence and National Security Affairs
Dhiyab al-Noaimi – 8th Southern
Mohsin al-Bakri – 9th Southern
Ahmed al-Mulla – 10th Southern
Head of Parliament